兒童疫苗

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腦膜炎雙球菌疫苗 Nimenrix
Meningococcal Vaccine (Nimenrix)

腦膜炎雙球菌是傳染病,可經由患者口鼻的分泌物傳染,初期病徵不明顯,惟腦膜炎雙球菌有機會入侵血液或脊髓及腦部的內膜,可分別引致腦膜炎雙球菌血症及腦膜炎,令患者出現發燒及休克等,嚴重可致命,年齡九個月或以上人士可接受注射,保護率逾八成半,能有效抵禦該病菌入侵。嬰幼兒注射疫苗後,不適反應輕微,例如針口疼痛等,惟很快消退。 

Meningococcal infection is caused by meningococcus, it can be transmitted via respiratory secretions, including droplets from the nose and throat, of the infected person. While early signs of meningococcal diseases are very subtle, it may result in severe illness when the bacteria invade the bloodstream (meningococcaemia) or the membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord (meningococcal meningitis), resulting in onset of fever, shock and even death in severe cases. Over 85% protection rate for people aged 9 months or above receiving the injection which is effective against the germ. Infants and young children will have mild discomfort following the vaccination, such as injection-site soreness which would shortly be relieved.

腦膜炎雙球菌疫苗 Menactra
Meningococcal Vaccine (Menactra)

腦膜炎雙球菌感染是由腦膜炎雙球菌所引起的疾病。早期病徵並不明顯,當細菌入侵血液時,可引致嚴重病症,甚致死亡。中國各地時有爆發,所以建議如果家中幼童或同住親友需要經常往返內地,可以考慮接種此疫苗以作保護。預防方法: 接種腦膜炎雙球菌疫苗。 

Meningococcal infection is caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. While early signs of meningococcal diseases are very subtle, it may result in severe illness or even death when the bacterium invades the bloodstream. Meningococcal disease outbreak is prevalent in China; thus, the vaccination is recommended for young children or relatives living with them who need to travel frequently to and from the Mainland. A meningococcal vaccine is the best way to protect against meningococcal disease.

四痘混合疫苗
MMRV Vaccine

四痘混合疫苗(MMRV)預防水痘,還有麻疹、腮腺炎和德國麻疹,把現時要分開注射的水痘針及麻疹、腮腺炎和德國麻疹三合一針合併。   麻疹、流行性腮腺炎、德國麻疹及水痘均是可經由飛沬或空氣傳染的兒童疾病,當中水痘是由帶狀疱疹病毒引起,嚴重會導致腦炎等併發症,麻疹更會致命。 

The MMRV vaccine is a combination of the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccines with the addition of the chickenpox vaccine. Rather than receiving separate vaccines, the MMRV vaccine is a four-in-one shot that helps prevent childhood diseases caused by measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox. These illnesses can be spread through droplets or air, with chickenpox caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Severe cases can lead to complications such as encephalitis, while measles can be fatal.

口服輪狀病毒疫苗
Oral Rotavirus Vaccine

嬰幼兒若感染輪狀病毒,會引致嚴重腸胃炎,出現急性嘔吐、腹瀉以及發高燒,症狀通常會持續3到7天。受感染的幼童可能因嚴重脫水而需要入院。故此嬰兒宜在出生後接種口服輪狀病毒疫苗。 

Rotavirus is the cause of gastroenteritis, acute vomiting, diarrhoea and high fever in infants and young children. Generally, these symptoms would last between 3 and 7 days, but sometimes infected children will need hospital care due to severe dehydration. Thus, all infants are recommended to receive oral rotavirus vaccine soon after their birth.

六合一混合疫苗
6-in-1 Combination Vaccine

六合一疫苗是無細胞混合疫苗,除了可預防白喉、破傷風、百日咳、小兒麻痺及乙型流感嗜血桿菌外,更可避免患上乙型肝炎。白喉、百日咳、乙型流感嗜血桿菌均可透過飛沬及呼吸道分泌物傳播;破傷風則透過皮膚表面傷口感染;而小兒麻痺以糞口途徑傳染,乙型肝炎則經體液及血液傳染。由於以上傳染病嚴重會致命,故此嬰幼兒宜注射六合一疫苗。

The 6-in-1 vaccine is an acellular combination vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type B and hepatitis B virus. Diphtheria, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B can be transmitted through droplets and respiratory secretions; tetanus through surface wounds; polio through the faecal-oral route; and hepatitis B through body fluids and blood. Since these infectious diseases can be fatal in severe cases, it is advisable for infants and young children receive the 6-in-1 vaccine.

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五合一混合疫苗
5-in-1 Combination Vaccine

五合一疫苗是無細胞混合疫苗,能同時預防白喉、破傷風、百日咳、小兒麻痺及乙型流感嗜血桿菌。

The 5-in-1 vaccine is an acellular combination vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type B in one go.

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